Has a Guinea pig recently joined your household? If so, you’ve got a very cute little furbaby! Guinea pigs, or cavies, are one of the most popular kinds of pocket pets, and with good reason. These tiny furballs are super cute, lots of fun, and fairly easy to care for. Just like any other animal, cavies need to eat a good, nourishing diet in order to stay healthy. In this article, a Scottsdale, AZ veterinarian discusses Guinea pig nutrition.


Make sure to give your furry little pal plenty of fresh, quality grass hay, such as Timothy hay. It’s good for both your pet’s digestion and his teeth!


Your little furball can have commercial food for his main meals. Be sure to remove uneaten food quickly, as if it starts to decay, it can harbor harmful bacteria. Ask your vet for advice on portion sizes and feeding times.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a crucial part of your Guinea pig’s diet. Without it, your tiny pet could develop a deficiency, and become very sick. Give your furry friend plenty of foods that contain this essential nutrient, and ask your vet about supplements.


Your little furball can enjoy several kinds of veggies. Carrots, green peppers, Romaine lettuce, and zucchini are all safe for cavies. Cavies can also occasionally have pumpkin, cabbage, cucumbers, spinach, and many green leafy veggies.


Small amounts of pears, apples, bananas, pineapples, melons, peaches, plums, and mandarins are all safe for cavies, as long as you remove the seeds. Just be careful not to give your Guinea pig too much citrus fruit, as it is quite acidic. Certain berries, such as blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries, are also fine, but don’t overdo it with these sugary foods.

Safety Precautions

Always research new foods before giving them to your furball, to be sure they are safe. You’ll also want to do some research and learn what foods are toxic to your tiny pal. Chocolate, garlic, onions, scallions, chives, and the leaves from tomato and potato plants are a few things that are dangerous to cavies. Another thing to keep in mind is that even safe foods may not be suitable for daily consumption. Ask your vet for specific recommendations.

Do you have any questions about Guinea pig care? Call us! As your Scottsdale, AZ vet clinic, we are here to help!